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曲晓睿:中国城乡家庭支出结构的变化

发布日期:2024-06-07 信息来源:经管学院 浏览次数: 字号:[ ]

【文章摘要】In the last two decades, China has witnessed a remarkable change in household expenditure structure following the rapid growth of household income. Using provincial-level panel data from 2001 to 2019 and the Quadratic Almost Ideal Demand System model, we derive the expenditure elasticities, as well as uncompensated and compensated price elasticities, for urban and rural households. Our results suggest that food and clothing are 'necessity' goods, whereas residence, education, and transportation are 'luxury' goods for both urban and rural households. Household facilities and medical services are necessities for urban households, while they are luxuries for rural households. All own-price elasticity estimates are negative, indicating that no Giffen goods exist. We also observe temporal changes in the household expenditure structure over China's Five-Year Plan cycles. Finally, we find significant differences in the own-price elasticity across the eastern, central, and western regions with varying levels of economic development. 

【关键词】Household expenditure structure; quadratic almost ideal demand system; price elasticity; expenditure elasticity

【文章作者】Xiaorui Qu, Jian Chen

【作者单位】中国农业大学经济管理学院、Department of Economics, Iowa State University

【发表期刊】Applied Economics. 2024, pp. 1-18

【文章链接】http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00036846.2024.2314560


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